At present, my country has not yet formed a complete and independent cold chain logistics system, and the development of cold chain logistics still only stays in the links of transportation and refrigeration. The cold chain logistics management system using advanced information technology is still insufficient, and the technical equipment is relatively backward; The cost is relatively expensive, mainly composed of transportation costs, warehousing costs, inventory costs and management costs. Among them, transportation costs and warehousing costs account for a large proportion, and there are many problems such as inadequate monitoring and inconsistent industry standards.
For example: turn off the refrigerator during transportation to save costs; during handling and loading, the operation is not in place telemarketing list and the temperature is too high. 1. Low cold chain transportation rate For a long time, the cold chain transportation rate of primary agricultural products in my country has been lower than that of developed countries in Europe and America. 80%~90% of foreign fruits and vegetables, meat and aquatic products are transported by cold chain, while the domestic cold chain transport rate is only 15%, 30% and 40%; 42%, which is much higher than the proportion of cold chain disconnection in developed countries. This is due to the general lack of cold chain awareness in China. Consumers have no strict requirements on whether fresh products need cold chain preservation.
At the same time, the regional uneven distribution of cold storage in my country has also led to the phenomenon of "broken chain" in the cold chain of a large number of products. In the absence of sufficient cold chain circulation, the loss of fruit and vegetable food is as high as 15% (the loss of developed countries is about 5%), and the loss value exceeds 50 billion yuan, causing huge waste. In addition, the annual per capita consumption of frozen food in my country is only 10kg, which is lower than 20kg in Japan and 60kg in the United States. This is due to the weak dependence of Chinese residents on frozen food and the fact that the supply side of cold chain food has not yet been industrialized and scaled.